عنوان مقاله [English]
The coronavirus outbreak in 2020 led to the closure of schools and the subsequent expansion of cyberspace education. Meanwhile, students, parents, and teachers who have the most impact and relationship with the education system faced various challenges in e-learning in the Corona era. This study was conducted to understand the advantages and disadvantages, challenges and receiving comments and suggestions of these three groups regarding virtual education. The study population was all teachers, parents, and elementary school students in Kalat city. First, primary schools were divided into two groups, semi-privileged and non-privileged. Then six students, six teachers from each group were selected, and data were collected through semi-structured interviews. Interviews were analyzed using the content analysis method. The findings showed advantages such as adapting to technological advances, benefiting from various teaching methods, and promoting student self-direction, and disadvantages such as lack of facilities and ignorance of the correct teaching methods in cyberspace. The main challenges of the three groups considered in the research were Internet problems and lack of sufficient equipment, lack of familiarity with the work process in cyberspace, evaluation in cyberspace, and lack of adequate feedback to fix students' problems. Strategies such as using reverse education, informing parents and providing opportunities for their active participation, making production content attractive were also proposed for the effectiveness of virtual education.